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Countries with percentages of autism

Statistics by Country for Autism

About these extrapolations of prevalence and incidence statistics for Autism: These statistics are calculated extrapolations of various prevalence or incidence rates against the populations of a particular country or region. The statistics used for prevalence/incidence of Autism are typically based on US, UK, Canadian or Australian statistics. This extrapolation calculation is automated and does not take into account any genetic, cultural, environmental, social, racial or other differences across the various countries and regions for which the extrapolated Autism statistics below refer to. As such, these extrapolations may be highly inaccurate (especially for developing or third-world countries) and only give a general indication (or even a meaningless indication) as to the actual prevalence or incidence of Autism in that region.

About prevalence and incidence statistics in general for Autism: The word ‘prevalence’ of Autism usually means the estimated population of people who are managing Autism at any given time (i.e. people with Autism). The term ‘incidence’ of Autism means the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Autism diagnosed each year (i.e. getting Autism). Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Prevalance of Autism: 1 in 500 to 1 in 2,500 (NIMH); 1-in-1000 to 2-in-1000, depending on diagnostic criteria

Prevalance Rate for Autism: approx 1 in 500 or 0.20% or 544,000 people in USA [about data]

Extrapolation of Prevalence Rate of Autism to Countries and Regions: The following table attempts to extrapolate the above prevalence rate for Autism to the populations of various countries and regions. As discussed above, these prevalence extrapolations for Autism are only estimates and may have limited relevance to the actual prevalence of Autism in any region:

Country/Region

Extrapolated Prevalence

Population Estimated Used

Autism in North America (Extrapolated Statistics)

USA

587,310

293,655,4051

Canada

65,015

32,507,8742

Autism in Europe (Extrapolated Statistics)

Austria

16,349

8,174,7622

Belgium

20,696

10,348,2762

Britain (United Kingdom)

120,541

60,270,708 for UK2

Czech Republic

2,492

1,0246,1782

Denmark

10,826

5,413,3922

Finland

10,429

5,214,5122

France

120,848

60,424,2132

Greece

21,295

10,647,5292

Germany

164,849

82,424,6092

Iceland

587

293,9662

Hungary

20,064

10,032,3752

Liechtenstein

66

33,4362

Ireland

7,939

3,969,5582

Italy

116,114

58,057,4772

Luxembourg

925

462,6902

Monaco

64

32,2702

Netherlands (Holland)

32,636

16,318,1992

Poland

77,252

38,626,3492

Portugal

21,048

10,524,1452

Spain

80,561

40,280,7802

Sweden

17,972

8,986,4002

Switzerland

14,901

7,450,8672

United Kingdom

120,541

60,270,7082

Wales

5,836

2,918,0002

Autism in the Balkans (Extrapolated Statistics)

Albania

7,089

3,544,8082

Bosnia and Herzegovina

815

407,6082

Croatia

8,993

4,496,8692

Macedonia

4,080

2,040,0852

Serbia and Montenegro

21,651

10,825,9002

Autism in Asia (Extrapolated Statistics)

Bangladesh

282,680

141,340,4762

Bhutan

4,371

2,185,5692

China

2,597,695

1,298,847,6242

East Timor

2,038

1,019,2522

Hong Kong s.a.r.

13,710

6,855,1252

India

2,130,141

1,065,070,6072

Indonesia

476,905

238,452,9522

Japan

254,666

127,333,0022

Laos

12,136

6,068,1172

Macau s.a.r.

890

445,2862

Malaysia

47,044

23,522,4822

Mongolia

5,502

2,751,3142

Philippines

172,483

86,241,6972

Papua New Guinea

10,840

5,420,2802

Vietnam

165,325

82,662,8002

Singapore

8,707

4,353,8932

Pakistan

318,392

159,196,3362

North Korea

45,395

22,697,5532

South Korea

96,467

48,233,7602

Sri Lanka

39,810

19,905,1652

Taiwan

45,499

22,749,8382

Thailand

129,731

64,865,5232

Autism in Eastern Europe (Extrapolated Statistics)

Azerbaijan

15,736

7,868,3852

Belarus

20,621

10,310,5202

Bulgaria

15,035

7,517,9732

Estonia

2,683

1,341,6642

Georgia

9,387

4,693,8922

Kazakhstan

30,287

15,143,7042

Latvia

4,612

2,306,3062

Lithuania

7,215

3,607,8992

Romania

44,711

22,355,5512

Russia

287,948

143,974,0592

Slovakia

10,847

5,423,5672

Slovenia

4,022

2,011,473 2

Tajikistan

14,023

7,011,556 2

Ukraine

95,464

47,732,0792

Uzbekistan

52,820

26,410,4162

Autism in Australasia and Southern Pacific (Extrapolated Statistics)

Australia

39,826

19,913,1442

New Zealand

7,987

3,993,8172

Autism in the Middle East (Extrapolated Statistics)

Afghanistan

57,027

28,513,6772

Egypt

152,234

76,117,4212

Gaza strip

2,649

1,324,9912

Iran

135,006

67,503,2052

Iraq

50,749

25,374,6912

Israel

12,398

6,199,0082

Jordan

11,222

5,611,2022

Kuwait

4,515

2,257,5492

Lebanon

7,554

3,777,2182

Libya

11,263

5,631,5852

Saudi Arabia

51,591

25,795,9382

Syria

36,033

18,016,8742

Turkey

137,787

68,893,9182

United Arab Emirates

5,047

2,523,9152

West Bank

4,622

2,311,2042

Yemen

40,049

20,024,8672

Autism in South America (Extrapolated Statistics)

Belize

545

272,9452

Brazil

368,202

184,101,1092

Chile

31,647

15,823,9572

Colombia

84,621

42,310,7752

Guatemala

28,561

14,280,5962

Mexico

209,919

104,959,5942

Nicaragua

10,719

5,359,7592

Paraguay

12,382

6,191,3682

Peru

55,088

27,544,3052

Puerto Rico

7,795

3,897,9602

Venezuela

50,034

25,017,3872

Autism in Africa (Extrapolated Statistics)

Angola

21,957

10,978,5522

Botswana

3,278

1,639,2312

Central African Republic

7,484

3,742,4822

Chad

19,077

9,538,5442

Congo Brazzaville

5,996

2,998,0402

Congo kinshasa

116,634

58,317,0302

Ethiopia

142,673

71,336,5712

Ghana

41,514

20,757,0322

Kenya

65,964

32,982,1092

Liberia

6,781

3,390,6352

Niger

22,721

11,360,5382

Nigeria

35,500

12,5750,3562

Rwanda

16,477

8,238,6732

Senegal

21,704

10,852,1472

Sierra leone

11,767

5,883,8892

Somalia

16,609

8,304,6012

Sudan

78,296

39,148,1622

South Africa

88,896

44,448,4702

Swaziland

2,338

1,169,2412

Tanzania

72,141

36,070,7992

Uganda

52,780

26,390,2582

Zambia

22,051

11,025,6902

Zimbabwe

7,343

1,2671,8602

Incidence (annual) of Autism: 3,000 new cases in the USA 2001 (BBC News, 2002)

Incidence Rate for Autism: approx 1 in 90,666 or 0.00% or 3,000 people in USA [about data]

Extrapolation of Incidence Rate for Autism to Countries and Regions: The following table attempts to extrapolate the above incidence rate for Autism to the populations of various countries and regions. As discussed above, these incidence extrapolations for Autism are only estimates and may have limited relevance to the actual incidence of Autism in any region:

Country/Region

Extrapolated Incidence

Population Estimated Used

Autism in North America (Extrapolated Statistics)

USA

3,238

293,655,4051

Canada

358

32,507,8742

Autism in Europe (Extrapolated Statistics)

Austria

90

8,174,7622

Belgium

114

10,348,2762

Britain (United Kingdom)

664

60,270,708 for UK2

Czech Republic

13

1,0246,1782

Denmark

59

5,413,3922

Finland

57

5,214,5122

France

666

60,424,2132

Greece

117

10,647,5292

Germany

909

82,424,6092

Iceland

3

293,9662

Hungary

110

10,032,3752

Liechtenstein

0

33,4362

Ireland

43

3,969,5582

Italy

640

58,057,4772

Luxembourg

5

462,6902

Monaco

0

32,2702

Netherlands (Holland)

179

16,318,1992

Poland

426

38,626,3492

Portugal

116

10,524,1452

Spain

444

40,280,7802

Sweden

99

8,986,4002

Switzerland

82

7,450,8672

United Kingdom

664

60,270,7082

Wales

32

2,918,0002

Autism in the Balkans (Extrapolated Statistics)

Albania

39

3,544,8082

Bosnia and Herzegovina

4

407,6082

Croatia

49

4,496,8692

Macedonia

22

2,040,0852

Serbia and Montenegro

119

10,825,9002

Autism in Asia (Extrapolated Statistics)

Bangladesh

1,558

141,340,4762

Bhutan

24

2,185,5692

China

14,325

1,298,847,6242

East Timor

11

1,019,2522

Hong Kong s.a.r.

75

6,855,1252

India

11,747

1,065,070,6072

Indonesia

2,629

238,452,9522

Japan

1,404

127,333,0022

Laos

66

6,068,1172

Macau s.a.r.

4

445,2862

Malaysia

259

23,522,4822

Mongolia

30

2,751,3142

Philippines

951

86,241,6972

Papua New Guinea

59

5,420,2802

Vietnam

911

82,662,8002

Singapore

48

4,353,8932

Pakistan

1,755

159,196,3362

North Korea

250

22,697,5532

South Korea

531

48,233,7602

Sri Lanka

219

19,905,1652

Taiwan

250

22,749,8382

Thailand

715

64,865,5232

Autism in Eastern Europe (Extrapolated Statistics)

Azerbaijan

86

7,868,3852

Belarus

113

10,310,5202

Bulgaria

82

7,517,9732

Estonia

14

1,341,6642

Georgia

51

4,693,8922

Kazakhstan

167

15,143,7042

Latvia

25

2,306,3062

Lithuania

39

3,607,8992

Romania

246

22,355,5512

Russia

1,587

143,974,0592

Slovakia

59

5,423,5672

Slovenia

22

2,011,473 2

Tajikistan

77

7,011,556 2

Ukraine

526

47,732,0792

Uzbekistan

291

26,410,4162

Autism in Australasia and Southern Pacific (Extrapolated Statistics)

Australia

219

19,913,1442

New Zealand

44

3,993,8172

Autism in the Middle East (Extrapolated Statistics)

Afghanistan

314

28,513,6772

Egypt

839

76,117,4212

Gaza strip

14

1,324,9912

Iran

744

67,503,2052

Iraq

279

25,374,6912

Israel

68

6,199,0082

Jordan

61

5,611,2022

Kuwait

24

2,257,5492

Lebanon

41

3,777,2182

Libya

62

5,631,5852

Saudi Arabia

284

25,795,9382

Syria

198

18,016,8742

Turkey

759

68,893,9182

United Arab Emirates

27

2,523,9152

West Bank

25

2,311,2042

Yemen

220

20,024,8672

Autism in South America (Extrapolated Statistics)

Belize

3

272,9452

Brazil

2,030

184,101,1092

Chile

174

15,823,9572

Colombia

466

42,310,7752

Guatemala

157

14,280,5962

Mexico

1,157

104,959,5942

Nicaragua

59

5,359,7592

Paraguay

68

6,191,3682

Peru

303

27,544,3052

Puerto Rico

42

3,897,9602

Venezuela

275

25,017,3872

Autism in Africa (Extrapolated Statistics)

Angola

121

10,978,5522

Botswana

18

1,639,2312

Central African Republic

41

3,742,4822

Chad

105

9,538,5442

Congo Brazzaville

33

2,998,0402

Congo kinshasa

643

58,317,0302

Ethiopia

786

71,336,5712

Ghana

228

20,757,0322

Kenya

363

32,982,1092

Liberia

37

3,390,6352

Niger

125

11,360,5382

Nigeria

195

12,5750,3562

Rwanda

90

8,238,6732

Senegal

119

10,852,1472

Sierra leone

64

5,883,8892

Somalia

91

8,304,6012

Sudan

431

39,148,1622

South Africa

490

44,448,4702

Swaziland

12

1,169,2412

Tanzania

397

36,070,7992

Uganda

291

26,390,2582

Zambia

121

11,025,6902

Zimbabwe

40

1,2671,8602

PDA in autism

Pathological demand avoidance (PDA) is increasingly, but not universally, accepted as a behaviour profile that is seen in some individuals on the autism spectrum.

People with a demand avoidant profile share difficulties with others on the autism spectrum in social communication, social interaction and restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviours, activities or interests.

However, those who present with this particular diagnostic profile are driven to avoid everyday demands and expectations to an extreme extent. This demand avoidant behaviour is rooted in an anxiety-based need to be in control.

While the demand avoidant profile has been found to be relatively uncommon, it’s important to recognise and understand the distinct behaviour profile as it has implications for the way a person is best supported.

Features of a demand avoidant profile

Autism is dimensional and the different profiles affect people in varying ways and to different degrees.

People with a demand avoidant profile can appear to have better social understanding and communication skills than others on the autism spectrum, and are often able to use this to their advantage. However, they might not really have as good an understanding of social matters as it seems.

The distinctive features of a demand avoidant profile include:

resists and avoids the ordinary demands of life

uses social strategies as part of avoidance, eg distracting, giving excuses

appears sociable, but lacks understanding

experiences excessive mood swings and impulsivity

appears comfortable in role play and pretence

displays obsessive behaviour that is often focused on other people.

People with this profile can appear controlling and dominating, especially when they feel anxious. However, they can also be enigmatic and charming when they feel secure and in control. It’s important to acknowledge that these people have a hidden disability.

People with a demand avoidant profile are likely to need a lot of support. The earlier the recognition of PDA, the sooner appropriate support can be put in place.