Autism and Neurodiversity Movement GlossaryAutism and Neurodiversity Movement Glossary:
Acultural- Don’t fit with the dominant social
Ableism- Discrimination against disabled ( including neurodivergent people ) people.
ADOS- Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Alexithymia- Difficulty understanding and identifying your emotions and those of others
Allistic/Allist- Non autistic descriptor/person
Asperger’s- Verbal, non-intellectually disabled autism. Not usually synonymous with a functioning label.
Aspie- Diminutive of an asperger person ( see asperger’s ).
Apraxia/Verbal Dyspraxia- Difficulty speaking/learning to speak relating to movement.
Auditory Processing Difficulty- Difficulty understanding speech or difficulty understanding speech quickly.
Autistic culture- A phrase often used on the autistic community to refer the differences of autists and the things that autistic people create
Autistic spectrum- The fact that all autistic people are different and autism varies widely from person to person in terms of differences, difficulties and strengths.
Autism Rights Movement (ARM)- Movement promoting various values ( see link )
Amy Sequenzia- Non-speaking ARM advocate and member of ASAN. Her blog: http://nonspeakingautisticspeaking.blogspot.co.uk/
Burnout- Autists burnout more easily compared to allists
Cross lateral- Being opposite footed and handed is more common in neurodivergent people
Cure Culture- The medical model assumption that all neurological ( and physical ) differences should be cured and words used affiliated with this ideology
Double Vision- Is more common in Autists according to SPD Australia
Dyscalculia- Specific difficulties with maths
Dyspraxia- Difficulty with planning of movement, balance, eye-teaming and hand-eye coordination
Dysgraphia- Specific difficulties with writing
Dyssemia- Difficulty reading body language and facial expressions, usually associated with autism
Dyslexia- Different way of processing words that causes difficulties with reading
Executive functioning- A series of cognitive skills used for everyday tasks autists have both strengths, differences and difficulties in this area. Musing of An Aspie post/s on executive functioning difficulties: https://musingsofanaspie.com/executive-function-series/
Functioning labels- Includes labels like “low”/”high” functioning and severity labels, these generally avoided in the autistic community because they are inaccurate and unhelp, causing people to make assumptions about a person that are not true. It’s also often difficult to classify someone as one or the because just like allists, autists have different skill levels in different areas (e.g.: They may be highly verbal but not able to cross a road without support ) and our “ functioning” fluctuates from day to day.
Hypotonia- Low muscle tone, common in autistic and dyspraxic people
Intense World Theory
Medical Model of Disability
Social Model of Disability